By BBC Sport
Anti-doping officials in Russia are being stopped from testing athletes and are also being threatened by security services, says a new report.
The World Anti-Doping Agency (Wada) made its latest claims two days before Russia finds out whether it can send athletes to the 2016 Rio Olympics.
They were banned from international competition after Wada accused Russia of state-sponsored doping.
Athletics chiefs meet on Friday to decide whether to lift the ban.
What does the Wada report say?
It says that:
- 73 of 455 tests on athletes could not be collected;
- 736 tests were declined or cancelled;
- 23 tests were missed, which the report says is a “significant amount”;
- and 52 findings were adverse.
The report details the lengths athletes from different sports allegedly went to, both to avoid tests and fool doping control officers (DCOs).
It says one athlete was seen running away from the mixed zone after an event, while another left the stadium during a race and could not be located.
Wada also highlighted the case of an athlete who, it says, used a container – “presumably containing clean urine” – that had been inserted inside her.
When she tried to use the container, it leaked onto the floor.
The athlete is alleged to have tried to bribe the DCO before providing a sample that subsequently returned an adverse finding.
The report also says that:
- DCOs have been intimidated when accessing military cities, with armed federal security agents threatening them with expulsion from the country;
- Wada-accredited laboratories have reported that sample transportation packages have been opened by Russian customs, suggesting interference by officials;
- And national championships for Olympic sports, including Olympic qualifiers, have been held in cities with restricted access due to ongoing civil conflicts, resulting in service providers declining test requests.
As a result, tests were not carried out at the national weightlifting and national Greco-Roman wrestling championships.
In some cases, testers were not told where an event was taking place.
“What really comes through, when you read through it page by page by page, is the number of occasions when there was simply no co-operation given,” former Wada president Dick Pound told the BBC World Service.