Rwandan authorities have summarily executed “at least 37” people accused of committing minor criminal offences, instead of prosecuting them, Human Rights Watch (HRW) says.
The government in Kigali denies that any extrajudicial killings took place.
Most of the alleged victims were accused of theft.
Others were suspected of smuggling marijuana, entering the country illegally from DR Congo, or using illegal fishing nets.
Human Rights Watch says the executions took place between July 2016 and March 2017 in western Rwanda.
They believe it is part of an official strategy to “spread fear, enforce order and deter any resistance to government orders or policies”.